Patients come to the ER for many different reasons, and as a result, ER nurses are exposed to every type of patient and health condition. ER nurse must assess each patient’s needs quickly, often with the challenge of panicked patients and those accompanying them. ER nurses work with a tightly-knit teams, including specialists like radiologists and orthopedists. They also attend to more mundane tasks, including patient documentation and stocking and preparing emergency department rooms.
While America’s reliance on emergency department care continues to grow, so too does the national nursing shortage. ER nurses will continue to find that the need for their abilities and training translates into a booming job market, and the opportunity to take their skills on the road to work as travel ER nurses in their pick of geographic areas.
ER nurses provide care to patients suffering from severe medical conditions, trauma, and injuries. Though a large part of their role is devoted to caring for patients who need urgent treatment, there are also patients who come in for care that is less emergent but who still require attention.
No two days are ever alike, as ER nurses treat diverse populations with needs ranging from the very minor to the traumatic. Patients come in seeking care following both accidents and illnesses and involving every body part and system. Part of an ER nurse’s responsibility is to assess the needs of patients who arrive simultaneously in order to prioritize their care based on severity and the need for immediate treatment.
The most common conditions that bring patients to the ER include:
The location of the emergency room and the type of care setting it is can play a role in the type of cases that are seen. Orthopedic hospital emergency rooms will see a greater number of broken and fractured bones, for example, while pediatric hospital emergency rooms will see entirely different patient needs. In all cases, ER nurses work hand-in-hand with a team of care professionals and specialists who must move quickly, calmly and competently, communicate clearly with one another, and perform care with confidence, often in crisis situations.
ER nurses need to be able to adjust quickly to an environment that can change at a moment’s notice, and their resilience and ability to adapt is just one reason why they are so well suited to take their role on the road as an ER travel nurse.
Despite the broad knowledge base required by the job, there is no specialized training or certification to become an emergency room nurse. That said, there are some basic requirements that must be met to become an ER nurse, including:
A nurse who wants to work in the ER’s fast-paced setting can generally move into that role straight out of nursing school. Temperament combined with the required education are the most important qualifications for working in the emergency room.
Once an RN has two years of experience in the ER, they can pursue the Certified Emergency Nurse (CEN) credential that is offered by the Emergency Nurses Association. This certification provides colleagues, patients, and employers with confidence in the nurse’s knowledge of ER best practices.
In addition to credentialing, the Emergency Nurses Association provides knowledge-building opportunities and conferences designed to help trauma and emergency room nurses with improved skills and tools for career advancement.
According to ZipRecruiter.com, the national average salary for an ER nurse is $90,970 per year, with an expectation that the more experienced a nurse, the higher their salary will grow. ER nurses also have the opportunity to earn compensation well beyond their base salary by signing on for shift differentials, overtime, and on-call hours.
Keep in mind that different emergency departments will likely offer different compensation — community hospitals may not pay their ER nurses as much as specialized centers like pediatric hospitals or oncology center emergency rooms.
The national average salary for an ER nurse is $90,970 per year, though more experienced ER nurses can likely expect higher salaries.
ER nurses can expect significant opportunity for job security and growth potential. The combination of the growing reliance on emergency room services, the surge in the number of urgent care clinics, and the national nurse shortage has made their skills increasingly valuable.
Facilities are working hard to both recruit and retain ER nurses by offering attractive perks and benefits. Many have been moved to use travel ER nurses to address staff shortages and to provide relief for overworked, stressed full-time staffers.
|Opportunity to see a wide range of medical conditions.||High-stress, chaotic work environment.|
|Fast-paced, exciting environment that requires the ability to think fast and multi-task.||Patients are frequently suffering from traumatic injuries and significant disability, or death.|
|High salary potential for experienced registered nurses.||Patient families are often fearful, panicked, and demanding.|
ER nurses require both technical skills and specific personality traits, especially since they work in a chaotic, fast-paced environment. The job demands quick thinking and the ability to assess and prioritize patient needs while remaining calm and in command.
An ER nurse interested in becoming an ER travel nurse will find competitive compensation and benefits, including higher hourly rates and non-taxable stipends for food and housing. And, as an in-demand specialty, there are often ER travel nurse contracts across the country at different types of facilities.